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Growing with the Community

In 1881 when conversations around public schooling in Edmonton first began, the population was only 263. Over the next few years many more people arrived in the community. Despite several additions, the Edmonton School was too small, and soon other schools had to be built, starting with College Avenue School in 1895, followed by Queen’s Avenue School in 1902. 

In the early 1900s, prompted by available land, access by rail, and sustained promotion, Edmonton’s population exploded. Between 1901 and 1914 Edmonton’s population expanded from 2,626 to 72,512 – an increase of more than 2,700% in only thirteen years. 

Early trustees expected that the City would expand in all directions, in both population and size. This posed a problem and opportunity. In response, ambitious plans for new schools were crafted. Between 1904 and 1918, twenty more permanent schools were built in Edmonton, and several had large additions built as well. These schools were scattered throughout the city, and although today many may be considered inner-city, at the time they were in the bush!

Edmonton School

Black and white photo of a schoolhouse with a large group of children and some adults posing for a group photo in front of the building.
City of Edmonton Archives EA-43-67

Name: Edmonton School
Date of construction: 1881
Architect: Unknown
Location: Currently located near the original site at 10425 - 99 Avenue
Estimated cost: $968.00
Date closed: 1905
Current use: Owned by Edmonton Public Schools and operated as part of the Edmonton Public Schools Archives and Museum.
 

College Avenue School

Black and white photo: a large two-story building with a set of stairs at the front entrance.
City of Edmonton Archives EA-43-76

Name: College Avenue School
Date of construction: 1895
Architect: Edmiston & Flater
Location: North side of MacDonald Drive east of 100 Street
Estimated cost: $6,275
Date closed: 1911
Date demolished: 1918
 

Queen’s Avenue School

Black and white photo. A large multi-story building with a small white fence in front of it.City of Edmonton Archives EA-43-77

Name: Queen’s Avenue School
Date of construction: 1902
Architect: Edmiston & Johnson
Location: 104 Avenue between 99 and 100 Streets
Estimated cost: $40,000
Date closed: 1925
Date demolished: 1949

Grandin Street School

Black and white photo. A large multi-story building with a group of people, most likely students and teachers, standing in front of it.City of Edmonton Archives EA-364-2.1

Name: Grandin Street School
Date of construction: 1902
Architect: James Augustus Ellis
Location: 8525 - 01 Street
Estimated cost: Unknown
Date closed: 1959
Date demolished: 1964

McKay Avenue School

Black and white photo. A large multi-story building. Two entrance or exit doors are visible, each with a set of stairs leading up to it. A dog is walking in front of the building.
City of Edmonton Archives EA-500-106

Name: McKay Avenue School
Date built: 1904
Architect: Henry Denny Johnson
Location: 8525 - 101 Street
Estimated cost: $38,000
Date closed: 1983
Current use: Owned by the Edmonton Public School Board and operated as part of the Edmonton Public Schools Archives and Museum.

Duggan Street School

Black and white photo. Large multi-story building. A group of people, most likely students and teachers, stands outside. Several trees surround the building. There is a spiked fence in the foreground, near the bottom of the photo.
City of Edmonton Archives EA-364-2.3

Name: Duggan Street School 
Renamed Queen Alexandra School in 1910
Date built: 1906
Architect: James E. Wize
Location: 7730 - 106 Street
Estimated cost: $27,000
Current use: Owned by Edmonton Public Schools and operated as a primary school.

Alexander Taylor School

Black and white photo. Multi-story school building.
City of Edmonton Archives detail of EA-43-77

Name: Alexander Taylor School 
Date built: 1907
Architect: Roland Lines
Location: 9321 Jasper Avenue
Estimated cost: $65,000
Date closed: 2001
Current use: Owned by Edmonton Public Schools and leased to the non-profit E4C.

Norwood School

Colourized photo. Orange and white multi-story school building with a gray roof. A woman is walking past a fence in the foreground. Overlaid text at the top of the photo reads "Norwood Public School, Edmonton, Alta." A flag pole sits atop the school. The flag is at half mast, but the design is hard to make out.
City of Edmonton Archives EA-246-13

Name: Norwood School 
Date built: 1908
Architect: Roland Lines
Location: 9520 - 111 Avenue
Estimated cost: $100,000
Current use: Owned by Edmonton Public Schools and operated as a primary school.

Strathcona Collegiate Institute

Black and white photo. A multi-story school building. Two entrances with stairs are visible. Multiple windows line the outside of the building at regular intervals.
City of Edmonton Archives EA-10-934

Name: Strathcona Collegiate Institute
Date built: 1908
Architect: Johnson & Lines
Location: 10523 - 84 Avenue
Estimated cost: $86,400
Current use: Owned by Edmonton Public Schools and operated as a high school (Old Scona Academic School).

Edmonton High School

Black and white photo. A large multi-story school building. A large group of people, presumably students and teachers, stand outside.
Edmonton: Alberta’s Capital City, page 88, City of Edmonton Archives 

Name: Edmonton High School 
Renamed Victoria Composite High School in 1913
Date built: 1910
Architect: Roland Lines
Location: 10845 - 102 Street
Estimated cost: $150,000
Current use: Though the original building was demolished, there is an Edmonton Public Schools high school of the same name on site, known as the Victoria School of Arts, which emphasizes artistic discipline. 
 

North Edmonton School

Black and white photo. A large multi-story school building. A single entrance with a stairway is visible. A small group of people are standing on the left side of the school. Text overlaid on the bottom of the photo reads "North Edmonton School".
Edmonton: Alberta’s Capital City, page 96, City of Edmonton Archives 

Name: North Edmonton School 
Date built: 1910
Architect: Roland Lines
Location: 6920 - 128 Avenue
Estimated cost: Unknown
Date closed: 2005
Current use: Balwin Villa operated by the Excel Society non-profit Balwin Village, an enhanced designated living site.

Oliver School

Colourized photo. A brown multi-story school building. Three people stand outside of the building, next to four horses that are tied together. The building has two entrances in front, each with a stairway. Another scaffold-style stairway is visible on the left side of the building, with landings at each floor. Text overlaid in the top-right corner reads "Oliver School, Edmonton Alta." below that text, "1910" is written in blue pen.
City of Edmonton Archives EA-10-927

Name: Oliver School 
Date built: 1910
Architect: George Turner
Location: 10227 - 118 Street
Estimated cost: $100,000
Current use: Owned by Edmonton Public Schools and operated as a primary school, and as Nellie McClung Girls' Junior High.

McCauley School

Black and white photo. A large multi-story school building. Each wall of the building has windows aligned in a grid. A large group of people, presumably teachers and students, stand along a path outside the building, leading up to the entrance. Another group of people, who appear to be soldiers, stand in a line along a road outside of the school building.
City of Edmonton Archives EA-43-62

Name: McCauley School 
Date built: 1911
Architect: George Turner
Location: 9538 - 107 Avenue
Estimated cost: $110,000
Date closed: 2010
Current use: Owned by Edmonton Public Schools, currently occupied by two non-profit organizations: Multicultural Health Brokers and The Intercultural Daycare, serving immigrant and refugee families.

Rutherford School

Black and white photo. A small multi-story school building. A stairway in front leads to a single entrance. Text overlaid at the bottom of the photo reads "Rutherford School". The photo appears to be part of a collage, as the edge of another photo can be seen in the top-right corner.
Edmonton: Alberta’s Capital City, page 96, City of Edmonton Archives 

Name: Rutherford School 
Date built: 1911
Architect: Wilson & Herrald
Location: 8620 - 91 Street
Estimated cost: Unknown
Current use: Owned by Edmonton Public Schools and operated as a primary school.

Bennett School

Black and white photo. A multi-story building. Each wall has several large windows.
Edmonton Public Schools Archives and Museum P86.15.41

Name: Bennett School 
Date built: 1912
Architect: Unknown
Location: 9703 - 94 Street
Estimated cost: Unknown
Date closed: 1973
Current use: Bennett Centre, owned by and operated by Edmonton Public Schools.

Parkdale School

Black and white photo. A large multi-story school building with two entrances in front. Text overlaid at the bottom of the photo reads "Parkdale School".
Edmonton: Alberta’s Capital City, page 96, City of Edmonton Archives 

Name: Parkdale School 
Date built: 1912
Architect: George Turner
Location: 11648 - 85 Street
Estimated cost: $120,000
Date closed: 2010
Current use: Owned by Edmonton Public Schools, leased to the non-profit Bent Arrow Traditional Healing Society.

Donald Ross School

Black and white photo. A large multi-story school building. A front and side entrance is visible, each with a set of stairs leading up to it. Text overlaid in the bottom-left corner reads "Donald Ross School".
Edmonton: Alberta’s Capital City, page 94, City of Edmonton Archives 

Name: Donald Ross School 
Date built: 1913
Architect: George Turner
Location: 10125 - 97 Avenue
Estimated cost: Unknown
Date closed: 1974
Current use: Owned by Edmonton Public Schools, leased to non-profit organizations, including Indigenous artists group Sun & Moon Visionaries Aboriginal Artisans.

H. A. Gray School

Black and white photo. A large multi-story school building with two entrances in front. Text overlaid at the bottom of the photo reads "H. Allen-Gray School".
Edmonton: Alberta’s Capital City, page 92, City of Edmonton Archives 

Name: H. A. Gray School 
Date built: 1913
Architect: George Turner
Location: 12140 - 103 Street
Estimated cost: $135,000
Date closed: 1984
Current use: Owned and operated by Vanguard College.

Highlands School

Black and white photo. Two women, each with an arm around the other, posing for a photo. Far in the background, Highlands School can be seen. Two other house-shaped buildings sit nearby.
Edmonton Public Schools Archives and Museum P89.2.10

Name: Highlands School 
Date built: 1913-1916
Architect: George Turner
Location: 11509 - 62 Street
Estimated cost: $135,000
Current use: Owned by Edmonton Public Schools and operated as a junior high school.

John A. McDougall School

Grainy black and white photo. Front view of a large multi-story school building. Windows arranged in grids line the front of the building. A single entrance door sits at the centre, with a small flight of stairs leading up to it. Text overlaid on the bottom-left of the image reads "John A. McDougall School".
Edmonton: Alberta’s Capital City, page 94, City of Edmonton Archives 

Name: John A. McDougall School 
Date built: 1913
Architect: George Turner
Location: 10930 - 107 Street
Estimated cost: $160,000
Current use: Owned by Edmonton Public Schools and operated as a primary school.

King Edward School

Black and white photo. A large school building with a group of people, presumably students, standing outside. Text overlaid at the bottom of the photo reads "King Edward School".
Edmonton: Alberta’s Capital City, page 92, City of Edmonton Archives 

Name: King Edward School 
Date built: 1913
Architect: George Turner
Location: 8525 - 101 Street
Estimated cost: $180,000
Current use: Owned by Edmonton Public Schools and operated as a primary school.

Ritchie School

Black and white photo. A large multi-story school building. People, presumably students, are casually gathered outside. Text overlaid along the bottom of the photo reads "Ritchie School".
Edmonton: Alberta’s Capital City, page 92, City of Edmonton Archives 

Name: Ritchie School 
Date built: 1913
Architect: George Turner
Location: 9735 - 75 Avenue
Estimated cost: $120,000
Date closed: 2008
Current use: Owned by Edmonton Public Schools, leased to École Joseph Moreau, operated by the Greater North Central Francophone Education Region (Conseil scolaire Centre-Nord).

North Delton School

Black and white photo. A small house-shaped school building. A small shed-shaped structure in front of the building appears to be the front entrance. There also exists a smaller door on the left side of the building, with a set of wooden stairs leading up to it.
City of Edmonton Archives EA-481-3

Name: North Delton School 
Renamed Fairview School in 1949
Date built: 1915
Architect: George Turner
Location: 12510 - 87 Street
Estimated cost: $2,300
Date closed: 1958
Date demolished: ca. 1958

Westmount School

Sepia tone photo. A large multi-story school building. A single entrance exists in the middle of the building, with stairs leading up to it. Text overlaid at the bottom of the photo reads "Westmount Public School, Edmonton Alta.".
City of Edmonton Archives EA-10-949

Name: Westmount School 
Date built: 1913-1915
Architect: George Turner
Location: 11124 - 130 Street
Estimated cost: $200,000
Current use: Owned by Edmonton Public Schools and operated as a junior high school.

For More Information

City of Edmonton Archives

Prince of Wales Armouries, 2nd floor
10440 108 Avenue
Edmonton, Alberta

Email cms.archives@edmonton.ca
Website http://cityarchives.edmonton.ca/

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