Marked crosswalks are used where vehicle volumes are relatively light – 400 to 2000 vehicles per hour and the posted speed limit is less than 60 km/hr.
"Zebra" Marked Crosswalks
"Zebra" marked crosswalks are used at mid-block and right-turn cut-off crossing points and non-standard or off-set intersections where drivers may not expect to see pedestrians.
Pedestrian Activated Amber Flashers
While active, amber traffic lights flash to warn drivers they must slow to the indicated speed and stop for pedestrians.
This signal enhances pedestrian visibility and safety in areas with moderate to high traffic volumes.
Pedestrian Activated Signals
Pedestrian activated signals are traditional green/amber/red traffic lights with a pedestrian activated button on the pedestal. Once activated, vehicles must come to a full stop. This signal may be coordinated with adjacent traffic signals so the red light may not activate immediately. This device is the highest level of protection installed for pedestrians. It is used on arterial roadways where the posted speed is 60 km/hr or higher.
Pedestrian countdown signals supplement the walk man, flashing hand and solid hand pedestrian traffic signals. They are used where there is heavy pedestrian and motorist traffic.
Countdown signals let pedestrians know how much time they have to clear the intersection. Pedestrians should not enter the crosswalk after the signal has started counting down.
Audible signals help guide people with a visual impairment across the road. The City coordinates locations for audible signals with The Canadian National Institute for the Blind (CNIB). These signals are used at signalized intersections where the geometry is unusual or there are high volumes of turning vehicles.