Zoning is everywhere — from parks and playgrounds to garden suites and the downtown core. The purpose of zoning is to determine what can be built where. It sets the rules for where new buildings should go, what types of buildings they can be and what types of businesses and activities can happen on a property.
Zoning guides growth in an orderly way to minimize conflicts between different activities and can improve the safety, public health, and welfare of its citizens and the environment.
Zoning is about:
- What can be built where
- Allowed types of building and activities
- Implementing municipal city plans
Zoning is not about:
- Regulating groups of people or behaviours
- How buildings are built
- Exactly what a building looks like
Zoning is also the main tool used to implement municipal development plans. The City Plan is Edmonton’s combined Municipal Development Plan and Transportation Master Plan, and includes strategic direction in environmental planning, social planning and economic development.
The Zoning Bylaw does not provide the rules for how a building is constructed, in terms of safety and construction materials — that is the role of the Alberta Building Code. It also does not determine the rules for business licensing — that is the role of the Business Licence Bylaw. The City of Edmonton has a number of other bylaws aimed at ensuring the health, safety and wellness of Edmontonians.
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