Whether you live in a high-rise apartment, condominium, townhouse, multi-family or single-family residence, there really is no place like home. It's a place where we can let our guard down and relax. Which is why we need to keep our homes as fire-safe as possible.

Make sure your house number can be seen from the street. If you need help, firefighters will be able to find you.

Keep Your Home Safe From Fire

Install and maintain smoke alarms
  • Install smoke alarms in every sleeping room, outside each sleeping area and on every level of the home
  • Interconnect the smoke alarms so that when one sounds, they all sound
  • Test your smoke alarm at least once a month by pushing the test button
  • Replace the batteries annually
  • Never remove batteries or disable alarms
  • Vacuum the dust from the alarm every 6 months
  • Smoke alarms expire and should be replaced every 10 years
Plan and practice your home fire escape plan
  • Make a home fire escape plan
  • Discuss the plan with everyone in the home
  • Practice your plan at night and during the day, twice a year
  • Practice using different ways out
Cook with care
  • Never leave cooking food unattended
  • Establish "kid-free" and/or "pet-free" zones of at least 3 feet around the stove and areas where hot food or hot beverages are prepared and/or carried
  • Turn pot handles inwards so they cannot be pulled down
  • Keep the kitchen clean and clear of combustibles
  • Keep a fire extinguisher within easy reach
  • Wear clothing with short or tight sleeves when cooking
Get a portable fire extinguisher and learn how to use and maintain it
  • Check the pressure gauge on the extinguisher each month to ensure the device is holding its charge
  • Refill or replace your extinguisher after each use
  • Extinguishers should be located in areas that contain potential fire hazards such as the kitchen, garage or basement
Properly dispose of smoking materials
  • Use deep, non-combustible ashtrays to properly discard smoking materials
  • If you smoke, smoke outside
  • Never smoke in a home where a person is using oxygen
Reduce the risk of electrical fires
  • Check electrical cords to make sure the wires are not damaged, cracked or loose
  • Always keep an eye out for potential problems, including plugs and sockets that feel hot to the touch
  • Keep areas clear of cords
  • Operate electric portable space heaters safely
Candle with care
  • Blow out all candles when you leave a room
  • Consider using flameless candles in your home
  • Never leave a child or pet alone in a room with a burning candle
  • Keep candles at least 1 foot (30 cm) away from anything that can burn
  • Never use a candle if oxygen is used in the home
  • If the power goes out, avoid using candles for emergency lighting
  • Cut candle wicks to approximately a quarter inch prior to lighting
Maintain your clothes dryer
  • Have your dryer installed and serviced by a professional
  • Do not use the dryer without a lint filter
  • Clean the lint filter before or after each load of laundry and remove any lint that collects around the dryer drum
  • Ensure that the right plug and outlet are used and that the machine is connected properly
  • Follow the manufacturer's operating instructions and don't overload your dryer
  • Turn off the dryer when you go to bed or leave the home
  • Keep the area around your dryer clear of things that can burn (i.e., boxes, cleaning supplies, clothing, etc.)
  • Clothes that have come in contact with flammable substances like gasoline, paint thinner or similar solvents should be laid outside to dry, before being washed and dried in the machines
Remove clutter to reduce fire risk

Fighting fires is very risky in a hoarding home or overly cluttered home. Not only is it difficult to enter the home, the clutter can also impede the search and rescue of people and pets.

  • Keep pathways and exits clear of any clutter to ensure safe exits in the event of a fire
  • Do not store flammable items close to the stove or oven
  • Keep the immediate area around portable heaters clear of any combustibles
Consider home fire sprinklers

Home fire sprinklers protect life and property against home fires. The technology responds quickly to reduce the heat, flames and smoke from a fire, giving families valuable time to get to safety. Homeowners can install these in new or existing homes.

  • Sprinklers reduce direct property damage by approximately 70% per fire
  • Roughly 85% of the time, just one sprinkler operates during a fire
  • Home fire sprinklers are not mandatory in new homes however, they keep fires small by reducing heat, flames and smoke produced in a fire
Dispose of oily rags safely
  • Never leave cleaning rags wet with paint or stain in a pile
  • Dry wet cleaning rags outside, away from buildings
  • Place dried rags in a metal container with a tight cover and fill it with water and detergent solution to help break down the oils
  • Keep containers of oily rags in a cool place, away from direct sunlight and other heat sources
Store gasoline safely
  • Never bring gasoline indoors, even in small amounts
  • Never use gasoline as a cleaner to break down grease
  • Only store gasoline in a container that is sold for that purpose and ensure the container is tightly capped when not in use
  • Never store gasoline containers in a basement or in the occupied space of a building. Keep them in an outbuilding, detached garage or outdoor shed.

Vehicle Fire Safety

Vehicles can catch fire for many reasons. The most common cause is due to mechanical or electrical issues. A vehicle can also catch fire as the result of a motor vehicle accident.

Prevent a vehicle fire
  • Get your vehicle serviced regularly by a certified mechanic
  • Never transport gas cans or propane cylinders in the passenger compartment
  • Never park a vehicle where flammables (i.e., grass) are touching the catalytic converter
  • Drive safely to avoid an accident