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Available Tree Species

Note: evergreens should not be planted close to walkways, streets, or buildings because of their broad base that will become an obstruction as the tree matures. The City of Edmonton no longer plants spruce or pine on residential boulevards for this reason.

American basswood (Linden) – Tilia americana

  • Maximum height 20m 
  • Spread 12m 
  • Large shade tree 
  • Moderate growth rate 
  • Fragrant yellow flowers

American elm – Ulmus americana

  • Mature height 30m 
  • Spread 15-25m 
  • Ideal for street tree plantings, and is an excellent shade tree 
  • High-headed, upright spreading tree with an umbrella shape 
  • Drought tolerant 
  • ‘Brandon Elm' cultivar is dense compact crown in a vase shape 

Amur cherry – Prunus maackii

  • Mature height 15m 
  • Prefers a well-drained site
  • Susceptible to winter injury, requires a sheltered location
  • Distinct reddish bark with white spring flowers
  • Vulnerable to fungal disease

Amur maple – Acer ginnala

  • Mature height 5m 
  • Spread 5m 
  • Adapts to a wide range of soil and pH levels 
  • Low-headed ornamental 
  • Beautiful fall foliage colour 

Bur oak – Quercus macrocarpa

  • Mature height 15-20m 
  • Spread 10m 
  • High-headed shade tree 
  • Corky branches and lobed leaves 
  • Slow growing makes it a good boulevard tree 
  • Drought and salt tolerant 

Colorado spruce – Picea pungens

  • Maximum height 12m 
  • Maximum branch spread 5m 
  • Blue or green colour 
  • Rigid needles 
  • Symmetrical shape 

European mountain ash – Sorbus aucuparia

  • Mature height 8m 
  • Spread 6m 
  • Showy orange-red fruit that attracts birds 
  • It can be either single stemmed or multi-stemmed 
  • Not good by walkways or on boulevards 
  • Susceptible to fire blight 
  • ‘Rossica' (Russian) cultivar is a small ornamental variety; dense crown; fast growing 

Green ash – Fraxinus pennsylvanica

  • All listed are seedless cultivar varieties 
  • Maximum height 18m 
  • Spread is 7m 
  • Has glossy green foliage 
  • Fast-growing 
  • Adapts well to compact places 
  • ‘Patmore' cultivar has an oval shaped crown 
  • 'Prairies Spire' (‘Ruby') cultivar has a narrower upright growth habit 
  • ‘Summit' cultivar has a golden fall colour 
  • ‘Bergeson' cultivar is fast growing with an upright growth habit 
  • ‘Foothills' cultivar is an excellent street tree 

Ivory silk Japanese lilac – Syringa reticulate ‘Ivory Silk' 

  • Maximum height 8m 
  • Spread 6m 
  • Cream coloured flowers 
  • Dense canopy 
  • Bark is a deep brown that resembles a cherry 

Laurel-leaf willow –  Salix pentandra

  • Maximum height 15m 
  • Spread 15m 
  • Distinct yellow bark 
  • Large spreading crown 
  • Dark glossy green foliage 

Little leaf linden – Tilia cordata

  • Maximum height 15m 
  • Spread 10m 
  • Excellent shade tree 
  • Suited for urban planting 
  • Fragrant yellow flowers 
  • ‘Dropmore' hybrid has a dense pyramidal shape: Little Leaf Linden crossed with Basswood

Lodgepole pine –  Pinus contorta  var.  latifolia

  • Maximum height 25m 
  • Tall and narrow form (4m spread) 
  • Not commonly used for landscaping purposes 
  • Cones remain on branches for many years 
  • Alberta's provincial tree 

Morden hawthorn – Crataegus  x  mordenensis ‘Toba' 

  • Mature height 4m 
  • Spread 3m 
  • Glossy dark green foliage 
  • Light pink flower clusters 
  • Has some thorns 

Ohio buckeye–  Aesculus glabra

  • Mature height 12m 
  • Form is low-headed and has a dense canopy 
  • Palmate leaf with the leaflets about 10-15cm long 
  • It is fully hardy and slow growing 
  • Light orange fall colour 

Russian olive – Elaeagnus angustifolia **Difficult to find** 

  • Mature height 7m 
  • Spread 7m 
  • Has grey foliage 
  • Very fragrant yellow flowers 
  • Drought and salt tolerant

Scots pine –  Pinus sylvestris

  • Maximum height 15m 
  • Maximum branch spread 8m 
  • Rapid growth 
  • Orange-brown bark 
  • Great for the urban landscape 

Siberian larch –  Larix sibirica

  • Maximum size 30m 
  • Form is a broad pyramid (15m spread) 
  • Needles are soft and turn bright yellow in the fall 
  • Adapts to dry sites and is fully hardy 
  • Good landscape tree 

Swiss stone pine – Pinus cembra

  • Maximum height 10m
  • Maximum branch spread 3m
  • Symmetrical shape

White spruce – Picea glauca

  • Mature size 15m 
  • Spread 5m 
  • Hardy native tree 
  • Needles are softer than the Colorado spruce 
  • Prefers sites with more available moisture than the Colorado spruce 

Note: Species selection is not restricted to the above list.

For More Information

311 Contact Centre

Online Contact 311 Online

In Edmonton: 311
Outside Edmonton: 780-442-5311

TTY 780-944-5555

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