If a tiny home on wheels is built as a recreational vehicle and is parked on private property, you need to follow the regulations in Section 45 in the Zoning Bylaw for large recreational vehicles. These requirements have restrictions for parking RV’s in yards that are next to a public roadway other than a lane. If parking an RV on the street, you need to follow the rules outlined in the Traffic Bylaw 5590. In both cases, a recreational vehicle cannot be used as a dwelling in Edmonton.
Due to not being recognized by provincial and national building codes, tiny homes on wheels are currently not permitted to be used as residential homes.
On Tuesday, October 30, 2018, Urban Planning Committee passed the following motion:
That Administration provide a report with an analysis of the tiny homes industry including tiny homes on wheels.
This work is connected to the Infill Roadmap 2018, which highlights the potential to create opportunities for tiny homes.
Based on research and feedback from stakeholders, City staff identified changes that could be made to Zoning Bylaw 12800 to accommodate tiny homes built or placed on a foundation.
Highlights of the proposed changes include:
- Removing the 5.5 metre minimum building width requirement to allow smaller manufactured homes to be located in residential zones outside of the Mobile Home (RMH) Zone
- Introducing performance standards to require undercarriage screening of movable homes (through skirting or a foundation). This change would supplement existing standards that ensure exterior materials used are of equal or better quality than surrounding development
- Revising the definition for mobile homes in the bylaw to allow tiny home garden suites and tiny home cluster housing developments
- Introducing a definition for recreational vehicles to ensure they are not used as living spaces
City staff also identified zoning bylaw changes that could be made to accommodate tiny homes on wheels; however, these changes are not recommended until the Province provides direction on the building code for tiny homes on wheels.
This project is currently at the draft amendment stage.
A report is scheduled to go to the Tuesday September 3, 2019, Urban Planning Committee meeting for consideration. This meeting will provide Urban Planning Committee with an opportunity to give City staff further guidance before making any changes to the Zoning Bylaw. If approved by City Council, changes to the Zoning Bylaw are not expected until early 2020.
Public engagement for this project has involved:
- Engagement through an Insight Survey on tiny homes was undertaken as part of the October 30, 2018, Urban Form and Corporate Strategic Development report CR_5113 - Zoning Bylaw Amendment - Garden Suites.
- A working draft of the September 3, 2019 report was circulated for a four week period (from May 29th to June 25th) to the Edmonton Federation of Community Leagues’ Planning Committee, each individual Community League, Canadian Homebuilders’ Association - Edmonton Region, Infill Development in Edmonton Association (IDEA), YEG Garden Suites, and individuals who expressed interest in being informed about garden suites and tiny homes.
To sign-up for project updates and to be added to the stakeholder list for this project, please email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Currently, Edmonton’s Zoning Bylaw does not address tiny homes specifically.
Tiny homes constructed on-site on permanent foundations fall under the category of single detached housing or garden suites. Tiny homes constructed off-site and then assembled or placed on-site, such as smaller manufactured homes and tiny homes on wheels, meet the definition for mobile homes.
Under current zoning regulations, there are limitations for where mobile homes can locate in Edmonton. A mobile home must be at least 5.5 metres wide and built on a permanent foundation for it to be located outside of a mobile home park or subdivision.
Although there may be opportunities to accommodate tiny homes on wheels through zoning changes, the Alberta Building Code does not address buildings constructed off-site outside of a CSA certified factory or buildings constructed on wheels, which tends to be the case for many tiny homes. The building code also requires clarification to address design features commonly associated with tiny homes, such as lower ceiling heights for sleeping lofts, smaller doorway sizes, among others, to ensure safe housing.
City staff are reviewing zoning regulations to expand opportunities for tiny homes on foundations and are advocating for changes at the provincial level to address building codes for tiny homes on wheels and design features commonly associated with tiny homes.