The goal is to have drivers obey the speed limit. Posting the enforcement locations lets drivers know that enforcement takes place all over Edmonton. We also use speed-limit signs, photo-enforcement signs and driver-feedback signs to warn drivers not to speed.
The top 10 enforcement locations in 2016 were:
- 170 Street between 118 and 114 Avenue SB
- 156 Street between 94 and 92 Avenue SB
- 82 Ave between 93 and 95A Street
- WB Anthony Henday Drive and Ray Gibbon Drive
- EB 106 Avenue between Rowland Road and 76 Street
- WB Gateway Boulevard – South of Anthony Henday Drive
- NB Gateway Boulevard at Ellerslie Road
- NB Yellowhead Trail at Anthony Henday Drive
- EB Yellowhead Trail at 215 Street
- EB Anthony Henday Drive at Yellowhead Trail NB
Yes. 11 of the 20 top crash intersections in 2016 have intersection safety cameras (red light and speed on green). Mobile automated enforcement is also used on roads leading up to the top crash sites. Slowing traffic at high-collision intersections reduces the number of crashes and the severity of injuries when crashes do happen.
|Range of Exceeded Limit||2015||2016|
|1-5 Over the speed limit
6-10 Over the speed limit
11-15 Over the speed limit
16-20 Over the speed limit
21-50 Over the speed limit
50+ Over the speed limit
Revenue generated by photo enforcement does NOT go into general revenue. Revenue from photo radar can only be spent on traffic safety programs, not on general City expenses.
Revenue covers operating costs of automated enforcement including a base allocation to Edmonton Police Service. In 2015, Edmonton Police Service received $18 million from automated enforcement.
- 15% of the total fine is given to Victims Services
- 16.67% goes to the Alberta Government
- The remaining fine balance goes to the Reserve Fund and is used to fund safety and community projects at Council’s direction
- Any late payment penalty attached to the fine goes to the province (amount of $20 or 20%, whichever is greater)
- Speed infractions follow the specified penalties as listed in the Alberta Traffic Safety Act
Some engineering improvements to traffic safety include installation of:
- Protected-only left turn phases at the signalized intersection to reduce left-turn-across-path type collisions
- Pedestrian signals and pedestrian amber flashers at pedestrian crossings to improve pedestrian safety
- Driver-feedback signs to let drivers know if they are speeding
- Retro-reflective tapes and additional traffic-signal fixtures to improve the signal-head visibility at signalized intersections
Photo-enforcement revenue is also used for:
- Redesigning of right-turn cut-offs at major intersections to reduce followed-too-close type crashes
- Implementation of engineering improvements at schools to increase the safety of our children
Each violation is reviewed by the Operator for accuracy and other related variables. During Photo Enforcement Operations, the City of Edmonton set the enforcement threshold in order to target drivers travelling above the posted speed limit.
All sites are selected in accordance with the, in relation to high collision corridors, citizen complaints, school zones, construction zones or a history of speeding.
The purpose of tickets is to hurt the pocketbook so that drivers say "ouch" and change their driving behaviour. If drivers slow down only until they are past the photo radar unit, then you can bet that they also speed where our children cross the streets.
Covert enforcement acts as a general deterrence because drivers believe that they can receive speeding tickets anywhere at any time.
In 2014, Dr. Karim El Basyouny and his team from the University of Alberta conducted a study of the impact that automated mobile speed enforcement on the frequency and severity of different types of motor vehicle collisions on Edmonton roadways. The study showed that there were significant reductions in all collision severities and types as described below:
- Severe collisions (fatal and injury): reduction of 32.1%
- Property Damage Only collisions: reduction of 28.7%
- Total collisions: reduction of 27.7%
- Speed related property damage only collisions: reduction of 27.3%
- Speed related collisions: reduction of 26.7%
28% of fatalities (excluding pedestrians and cyclists) happen on Edmonton roads with posted speeds of 80 km/h or above.
To date, photo radar has been challenged on technical and constitutional arguments, even up to the Court of Appeal in the provinces of Alberta and British Columbia. However, the issue of photo radar has withstood all appeals and petitions.
Violators are photographed as they pass by photo-enforcement locations thus enabling police to produce valid evidence in court.
Although speed doesn’t always cause crashes, it always determines the severity of a crash. Our bodies are fragile and even a small difference in speed can mean the difference between life and death. This is especially true for pedestrians, motorcyclists and cyclists. In 2016, more than 23,000 collisions occurred on Edmonton roadways. More than 3,300 people were injured and 22 were killed. Collisions result in higher insurance premiums, increased wait times for emergency services, higher taxes, legal costs, lost productivity and travel delays. If we consider the pain and suffering of victims, or lives cut short, the cost of collisions is immeasurable.