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White cockle
Photo Credit: Daniel Laubhann

Common Name: White cockle

Scientific Name: Silene latifolia

Habitat: farmland, roadsides, disturbed areas

Provincial Designation: Noxious

Noxious weeds are plant species that are designated as "noxious weeds" in the Alberta weed regulation. Noxious weeds must be controlled, meaning their growth or spread needs to be prevented.

Origin

In the early 1900s, white cockle was introduced to North America from Eurasia.

Legislated Because

White cockle invades disturbed areas, roadsides and farmland. It is a serious problem on farmland because its seeds are difficult to separate from commercially produced clover or alfalfa seeds.

Description

The fragrant white flowers have five deeply notched petals and only open in the evening.

Each plant is either male or female. Female plants have different flowers than male plants. Female plants have flowers with only one pistil and the calyx has 20 veins. The male plants have flowers with only stamens and the calyx has 10 veins.

Leaves are elliptic to lance shaped and oppositely arranged. The plants are typically covered in short hairs and grow 40-100 cm tall.

As a perennial species white cockle has a strong taproot.

Learn more about this species:

See Fact Sheets - Alberta Invasive Species Council

For More Information

Weed Management

Telephone

In Edmonton: 311

Outside Edmonton: 780-442-5311

Email invasiveweeds@edmonton.ca

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