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Eurasian watermilfoil
Photo Credit: Alison Fox, University of Florida, Retrieved from (Image Number: 1624031), used under CC BY 3.0 US, modified from the original

Common Name: Eurasian Watermilfoil

Scientific Name: Myriophyllum spicatum

Habitat: open water

Provincial Designation: Prohibited Noxious

Prohibited Noxious weeds are plant species that are designated as "prohibited noxious" in the Alberta weed regulation. Prohibited noxious weeds must be destroyed, meaning all growing parts need to be killed or the plant's reproductive mechanisms need to be rendered non-viable.


Eurasian watermilfoil originates form Eurasia and Africa and came to North America in the 1800s in the ballasts of ships.

Legislated Because

This plant can form large, floating mats in shallow water. These mats can become so dense that they shade-out native aquatic plants. Plant fragments can attach to boats, trailers, or animals and be moved from one body of water to another. A single segment of stem or leaf can form a new colony.


The flowers of this aquatic plant are tiny (only up to 3 mm wide), white, yellow or pink in color and are arranged on a spike that rises 5-10 cm above the water.

The green, sometimes grey-green leaves grow in whorls of four around the stem. The leaves are pinnate, having more than 12 pairs of fine, hair-like leaflets.

Learn more about this species:

See Fact Sheet - Alberta Invasive Species Council

For More Information

Weed Management


In Edmonton: 311

Outside Edmonton: 780-442-5311


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