Photo Credit: Nicole Kimmel, Alberta Agriculture & Forestry
Common Name: Creeping bellflower
Scientific Name: Campanula rapunculoides
Habitat: ornamental beds, disturbed areas, forests
Provincial Designation: Noxious
Creeping bellflower is native to Europe and was introduced to North America as an ornamental flower.
Creeping bellflower can be an aggressive invader in natural plant communities. It can survive droughts and survive in a wide range of light conditions. This plant’s thick creeping roots can travel under fences, lawns and concrete, making it very difficult to control. This plant is also resistant to many chemicals.
The flowers are purple, blue or sometimes white, bell-shaped, and nodding. Each plant has numerous flowers that are arranged on one side of the stem. The heart shaped leaves are 2-5 cm wide, have toothed edges, and are alternately arranged along the stem.
The plant grows up to 100 cm tall and has a creeping root (rhizome) which gives this plant its name. Plants reproduce by seeds and by the rhizomes and can re-generate from very small root pieces in the soil.