Main Parking Types
Parking is an important part of city life. In Edmonton, we have two types of parking: off-street and on-street.
Off-street parking is parking on private property. This includes home garages, parking lots, or underground parkades.
On-street parking is located on public roads owned by the City of Edmonton and includes parallel parking or angle parking on streets.
Zoning Bylaw Regulations
Edmonton’s Zoning Bylaw requires new developments, including homes, schools, offices and stores, to provide a minimum number of off-street parking spaces.
The Zoning Bylaw also requires parking stalls to be provided when someone starts using a building in a new way, for example a restaurant becoming a daycare or a convenience store turning into a medical centre.
Off-street parking requirements are intended to accommodate the people visiting or living at the property and to reduce the parking spillover onto other properties or onto the street.
However, these parking requirements can also make homes more expensive, create empty spaces or prevent new businesses from opening.
City staff are working on several off-street parking projects. The details of each project are listed.
Completed Parking Projects
Expanding Area Around Transit to Qualify for Parking Reductions
At the September 11, 2017 City Council Public Hearing, City Council approved Bylaw 18171 (Item 5.3) - a bylaw to create lower vehicle and bicycle parking requirements for properties that are close to LRT Stations, Transit Centres, and in main street areas for both residential and commercial uses .
Some changes to the Zoning Bylaw include:
- Introduction of a new Parking Schedule 1C for transit and main street areas
- Reduces the minimum parking requirement for all eating and drinking establishments across the city
- Creates a new definition for bicycle parking, and substantially changes the development regulations for bicycle parking facilities
- Doubles the ratio of minimum bicycle parking to vehicular parking to correspond with the halved vehicle parking requirements.
Parking Requirements for Low-density Residential Uses
Reducing parking requirements for Single Detached Housing, Semi-detached Housing, Duplex Housing, Mobile Homes (excluding Mobile Home Parks) from a minimum of two parking spaces to a minimum of one parking space. Row housing, Secondary Suites and Garden Suites will also require one parking space per dwelling.
Parking for Eating & Drinking Establishments (Pilot Project)
City Council directed City staff to reduce parking for eating and drinking establishments in three pilot areas (Jasper Avenue west of 109 Street, Whyte Avenue, and 124th Street).
Amendments to the Zoning Bylaw were approved by City Council and came into effect on .
Parking for Religious Assemblies
The previous method of determining the minimum parking requirement for religious assembly uses had several limitations.
Parking was required at a rate of one space for every four seats, posing a challenge for Religious Assemblies that do not use seating in their worship space. The seating requirement also did not take into consideration the full footprint of the building, which may include gathering space for large events such as weddings. A further limitation was that a single rate applies citywide, despite different development patterns and parking rates in different areas of the city.
In order to establish new parking rates that would address these challenges, City staff looked to the current parking provision in Edmonton’s existing Religious Assemblies. This approach provided a detailed understanding of parking provision and how it varies between different locations in the city and various sizes of assembly. This data was used to establish a minor and major size threshold for Religious Assemblies and a context specific parking rate for each of Edmonton’s distinct neighbourhood type (including the Central Core, Mature, Established, Industrial and New neighbourhoods).