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Cannabis in Edmonton. Be Safe. Be Responsible. Know the Rules. 

Although legalization is a federal decision, provinces and municipalities are responsible for setting rules with respect to cannabis consumption. This page summarizes the rules set by both the Province of Alberta and by Edmonton City Council for cannabis smoking and vaping within the City of Edmonton.

Cannabis Smoking and Vaping Rules in Edmonton

The City of Edmonton's Public Places Bylaw regulates where smoking is permitted in public places: this includes tobacco, vaping and cannabis. Whether you are smoking cannabis for recreational or for medical purposes, everyone is expected to respect the same rules for where you can smoke. Private property owners may establish additional smoking restrictions on their own properties.

Details on where you can and where you can't consume:
Your Home
Can:

In your own home and yard. It’s important to know, however, that property owners, landlords, condo boards and rental companies can further restrict the smoking and growing of cannabis on their properties and common areas.

Public Spaces, Parkland and Commercial Buildings
Can: 

In some parks and trails in Edmonton, except as outlined below.

Can't:

When the park contains:

  • A playground
  • A sports field
  • A skate park or bicycle park
  • An outdoor theatre
  • An outdoor pool or water spray park
  • A seasonal skating rink
  • An off leash area

On or within any:

  • Hospital property
  • School property
  • Child care facility property
  • City-owned golf course
  • Cemetery
  • Ski hill
  • Bus terminal or light rail transit platform

Within:

  • Sir Winston Churchill Square
  • Fort Edmonton Park
  • The John Janzen Nature Centre
  • The Edmonton Valley Zoo
  • The Muttart Conservatory
  • William Hawrelak Park

Within an area designated as a no smoking area for cannabis.

Inside any building, including bus shelters, LRT stations and cannabis retail stores. 

Sidewalks
Can:

On some sidewalks in Edmonton, except as outlined below.

Can't:

Within 10 metres from a bus stop or the doorway, window or air intake of a building or patio. 

On a patio.

Vehicles
Can't:

Just like alcohol, you cannot consume in a vehicle. This includes public vehicles like buses, taxis and LRT.

Can:

In a vehicle being used as a temporary residence, such as a parked RV.

If transporting cannabis in a vehicle, cannabis will need to be contained in closed packaging and out of reach of the driver and any other occupants of the vehicle.

Festivals and Events
Can:

At some festivals and public events, but only in designated areas. Policies for the creation of these areas are being developed.

Rules and requirements for opening a cannabis retail operation in Edmonton

Good to know: We have made every effort to make this information as thorough as possible, but it shouldn’t be considered exhaustive. Anyone looking to smoke in public should make sure they are following rules from the Canadian municipality and province they are located within.

Secondhand Smoke and Odour

Respect Those Who Share Your Air

Think about secondhand smoke and odour.

A lady talking to a neighbour over a fence.Some people feel uncomfortable with odours, smell and second-hand smoke related to cannabis.

Try to smoke away from your neighbour's open windows and doors to help minimize discomfort or talk with your neighbours to establish etiquette that works for all. 

If you plan to consume, consider options which reduce odour and smoke from cannabis, such as consumption through a vaporizer. 

Driving Laws and Penalties

Driving High is Illegal and Can Lead to Impaired Driving Penalties

Cannabis and cannabis products impair concentration, coordination and judgment. It is against the law to operate a motor vehicle with more than the legal limit of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in your system. Find out the specific limits and corresponding penalties.

Just like alcohol, cannabis will need to be secured in closed packaging and out of reach of anyone in the vehicle. If you are pulled over for any reason and police see cannabis stored improperly in your vehicle, you could be arrested and searched, and you could face a fine.

Additional information is available at edmontonpolice.ca

Fire Prevention and Safety

Be Safe

Improper disposal of smoking material is one of the top causes of fires in Alberta, causing devastating property damage and poses a significant threat to public safety.

Never dispose of or extinguish a cigarette butt or cannabis joint in a planter.

Always use an ashtray and fully extinguish any material.

Extracting oil from cannabis, which is commonly done through a solvent extraction process, is a violation of section 12 of the Cannabis Act and remains illegal. Cannabis oil extraction requires the use of solvents, usually butane or other highly explosive chemicals. The process can cause serious injuries, fatalities and property loss. Cannabis oils will be available for purchase from licensed retailers.   

Store it right: Locked up, out of reach and out of sight. For information on health and safety around cannabis visit canada.ca/cannabis.

Don’t litter: cannabis can cause severe illness in children and pets.

Learn more about Edmonton’s smoking rules at edmonton.ca/smoking.

Frequently Asked Questions

What if my e-cigarette does not contain tobacco or cannabis-can I use it?

The vaping of cannabis or tobacco using an e-cigarette in public places is still subject to the rules under the Public Places Bylaw.

Can I smoke on my balcony?

If you own your own private home, then you can probably smoke on your balcony.  The Public Places Bylaw does not regulate the smoking of cannabis or tobacco in private homes.

If you live in an apartment or condominium, please ensure that you are following the smoking rules set by your landlord or condo board (if applicable).  

In all cases, we encourage you to be a good neighbour and to respect others who may be sensitive to secondhand smoke and odour.

How do I know which parks I can smoke in?

Familiarize yourself with the park amenities. Smoking and vaping is not permitted when the park contains a playground, sports field, skate park or bicycle park, an outdoor theatre, an outdoor pool or water spray park, a seasonal skating rink, or an off-leash area. If these amenities are not present, smoking is permitted.

Can I smoke at a bus stop?

The public places bylaw requires that you be at least 10 metres from a bus stop, terminal or LRT platform. A typical bus is approximately 13 to 14 metres long.

Can I smoke in my car?

No. Just like alcohol, there is no consumption allowed in a vehicle by the driver or any passengers.

Can I smoke at a cannabis retail store?

No, there is no consumption allowed in a retail store.

What can I do if my neighbour is smoking right outside my window?

If you have issues with your neighbour smoking in front of your window, talk to them about an etiquette that works for both of you.

What is the fine for smoking or vaping in no-smoking areas?

Enforcement officers have the ability to issue verbal and written warnings or violation tickets at their discretion. An officer may issue a ticket. The fine is $ 250.

Medical cannabis can be smoked anywhere?

The City of Edmonton's Public Places Bylaw regulates where cannabis smoking is permitted in public places. Whether you are smoking cannabis for recreational or for medical purposes, everyone is expected to respect the same rules for where you can or cannot smoke.

 

What if the door or window is shut, do I still need to be 10 metres away?

The doorways and windows do not have to be opened for this rule to apply.
 

Where can I smoke downtown and on Whyte Avenue?

Smoking and using e-cigarettes (vaping) is not permitted within 10 metres of a bus stop, bus shelter, or the doorway, window and air intake of a building or patio. This applies to both cannabis and tobacco.

The City is identifying areas where smoking is permitted in dense commercial areas. Ashtrays will be moved to locations where smoking and vaping is permitted. This will take time so the City will begin with Whyte Avenue and Downtown locations.

Can I eat an edible such as cannabis brownie anywhere I want?

The Public Places Bylaw does not address the consumption of edibles in public. Commercially prepared edibles have not yet been legalized by the federal government. Home prepared edibles for personal use are permitted for those over 18 years old.

If an individual chooses to consume an edible in public, it is that individual's obligation to ensure they are consuming responsibly and are abiding by the federal government's possession limits for cannabis.

Is the City going to make areas where people can smoke?

Policies for the creation of designated smoking areas are still being developed. The City is working towards identifying spots in high-traffic areas for citizens to be able to smoke that follows the 10 metre bylaw criteria. These will be identified and signs placed to help inform citizens.

What about vaping (“e-cigarettes”)?

The definition of "smoking" under the Public Places Bylaw includes both smoking and the use of electronic-cigarettes (vaping).

Educational Resources

Request posters or info cards by emailing cannabislegalization@edmonton.ca

No Smoking Street Sign

Temporary signs will be used to indicate where smoking and vaping is not permitted in high traffic areas.

Permitted Smoking Areas: Jasper Ave

Areas where smoking is permitted on Jasper Avenue from 107 St. to 111 St. 

Permitted Smoking Areas: 82 Ave

Areas where smoking is permitted on 82 Ave from 109 St to 99 St.

Share the Air Wallet Card

General rules for Cannabis consumption in Edmonton.

Can't in a Bar

Rules for consuming Cannabis at home or in a bar.

Can't by a School

Rules for consuming Cannabis on a sidewalk or near a school.

Within 10m of Doorway, Window or Air Intake

Rules for consuming Cannabis near a building.

Reporting Your Concerns

If you have a concern about someone smoking in a public place or cigarette litter:

  • Discuss your concern with the business or property owner 
  • Record the address of the violation and a description of the problem if you can't resolve it directly
  • Call 311
  • Provide your name, address, phone number and the details of your concern in case your testimony is required in court

Responding to Your Complaint

After you call 311, the City takes these steps to help with your issue:

  1. A file is created specifying your concerns
  2. An Enforcement Officer opens an investigation
  3. The officer investigates your complaint
  4. The CPO may issue a warning notice with directions to remedy the problem within a specified time frame or issue a bylaw ticket depending on the circumstances
  5. The City may contact you to appear as a witness if the matter goes to court

Cannabis Businesses

On October 17, 2018, cannabis became legalized across Canada.

For More Information

311 Contact Centre

Online Contact 311 Online
Telephone

In Edmonton: 311
Outside Edmonton: 780-442-5311

TTY 780-944-5555
Email 311@edmonton.ca

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