Scientific name: Capra caucasica
Habitat: rugged mountain country, alpine forests and meadows
Diet: grasses and browse
Life span: average 10-12 years
Young: 1 young, occasionally 2
Size: 65-100 kg (143-220 lbs)
The West Caucasian tur is a mountain dwelling member of the goat family. They live in herds that change seasonally. Females/young form their own groups on the lower mountain slopes during the summer and autumn while males migrate to the higher elevations. Males and females come together during the mating season in November and stay together until the spring.
Both males and females have curved horns; the males' horns are larger and more ridged.
Tur are excellent jumpers and climbers and they use this ability to escape predators. They will travel as far as 20 km/day in search of food. Natural predators are wolves and lynx. The meat, hides, and wool are important to indigenous peoples. Trophy hunting and habitat loss have resulted in a severe decline in the population.
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