Scientific name: Phoca vitulina
Habitat: saltwater shorelines
Diet: squid, octopus, crabs, clams, fish
Life span: 25–30 years (males slightly shorter)
Young: 1 young/year (pup)
Size: 60–160 kg (132–350 lbs)
This furred, non-migratory sea mammal moults once a year with the fur coming off in patches.
Seals can dive to depths of 90 meters (295 ft), but find most of their food in shallow waters.
Like human fingers, each whisker can move independently to feel vibrations from swimming prey. Thick layers of blubber provide insulation, buoyancy, and energy reserves.
Seals are hunted for their fur, oil and meat.